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Nadav Kander - With Curves of Moon. Audrey in Cosmos, 2014
Modern Art Miniseries: 14/20Surrealism
"Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision." — Salvador Dali
Surrealism began as a literary movement started by the French poet Andre Breton in the early twentieth century that gradually spread to the visual arts, including painting and sculpture. It is characterized by dreamy settings and a fascination with the subconscious, like romanticism before it. Surrealism was greatly influenced by Freudian psychology. Surrealism became popular after the Dada movement, and some former Dadaists like Max Ernst also began to experiment with Surrealism.
The earliest Surrealist artists were Man Ray, Joan Miro, Max Ernst, and Andre Masson, although artists like Salvador Dali (whose work is often referred to as “hand-painted dream photographs” for their fantastic settings and imagery), Yves Tanguy, Paul Klee, and others would also join this movement. (Frida Kahlo is characterized as a Surrealist artist by many scholars and critics, but she did not consider herself one.)
Surrealism can be further divided into automatism and veristic surrealism. Automatism is the freer and more abstract of the two. Veristic surrealism was more concerned with accurately depicting dream sequences.
Surrealism is still very popular in museums today, and has had a lasting impact on later art movements like abstract expressionism. (x)
The Treachery of Images (This is not a Pipe), Rene Magritte. 1948.
The Elephants (detail), Salvador Dali. 1948.
La Fortune, Man Ray. 1938.
Birds also Birds, Fish Snake and Scarecrow, Max Ernst. 1921.
Moses, Frida Kahlo. 1945.
A portrait of dead Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious by Dee Dee Ramone of the Ramones.
I Need Your Love
Ramones | I Need Your Love
The Winged Victory of Samothrace
also called the Nike of Samothrace, is a 2nd century BC marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Nike (Victory). Since 1884, it has been prominently displayed at the Louvre and is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world. H.W. Janson described it as “the greatest masterpiece of Hellenistic sculpture.”
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